First White Frost by Homer Noley

This is basically a history book about the Native Americans from the time of the Pilgrims to the 1980s with mention of Methodist activity related to them. There are lots of names and dates with connecting narrative. From the time of the Pilgrims through the Civil War, the white man (or the immigrants as the author calls them) took the Indian's land by means of ineffective treaties, trickery, squatting and military conquest and pushed them to the West. It was eventually noticed that the number of Indians had fallen precipitously. They were no longer rich and powerful, but were poor and discouraged. From the turn of the twentieth century, missions to the Indians were just that. There were some bright spots in the early days, but overall it is a tragic story. The engagement of the Methodist church seems to have been a minor footnote. It is a wonder that there were any converts but there were. This is not a book for casual reading, but for someone who is interested in the history of the Native Americans during the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, it is very informative.

1. Where does the phrase "first white frost" come from?

2. What happened to the Native Americans during Reconstruction (after the Civil War) ?

3. Who were the "five civilized tribes" and why were they called that?

4. What do you think about the Native American situation today?

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